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Geological museum exhibition “Pannonica’’ represents a segment which is significant for development of cultural tourism on the Pannonian Lakes Complex and in Tuzla. The exhibition represents a segment which is important for development of cultural tourism of the City of Tuzla since it describes a continuity of living in this area from the Neolithic an it contributes to the offer of the Pannonian Lakes.

The exhibition consists of 100 minerals and 120 fossils. Visitors of the museum, inter allia, may see a fossil which is very characteristic for the area of the Pannonian Sea – turalis turis fossile. Visitors may also see a mineral named after Tuzla – tuzlait. This is the only mineral in the world found in salt deposits in Tuzla. The museum is located within the Pannonian Lakes Complex. 

Everything started from the big bang, which is the beginning of creation of the Universe. And when the Universe created stars.

In the center of the Galaxy there is the Sun and only 15 million kilometers away is the Earth, our home. The only place for which we know to have conditions for life, the air we breath, rich seas, oceans and land.
The first forms of life differed from contemporary forms of life very much. In the very beginning of creation of the planet and life on it, events did not happen quickly…

After a hundred million years, magma started cooling. We can say that this was the beginning of creation of the first land – CRATON…

If we could fly over the Earth then we could see grey oceans under the red sky, with volcanos here and there and small pieces of land…
The Earth starts to get a recognizable shape. The first Earth crust was very thin in the beginning. Underneath it there was a semisolid layer which was slowly boiling. In the very center there was a nucleus consisting of two parts…

In the beginning CRATONS and one continent called UR had the whole planet only for themselves. And then ARCTIC was formed in about half a million years.
A half of million years passed and ANCTARTICA was formed…

Continuous movement of plates greatly influence our lives. We are the witnesses today that every move of tectonic plates causes smaller or bigger earthquakes or pouring of magma …
Great catastrophes still happen, such as earthquakes or tsunamis, with great material and human casualties; eruptions of volcanos which blast great quantities of ash and gases out to the atmosphere, which directly influence change of climate. This will last for long, until creation of a new SUPERCONTINENT. 


But we forget that besides destruction which happened during a long geological history of the Earth, planet Earth is also the place of creation of life …
The Earth has been changing together with the life on it …

Prehistoric life was very different from the contemporary life. A special species characterized   Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous geological periods…

Something which exterminated dinosaurs from our planet happened 65 million years ago. It is believed that it was a great meteorite, which caused climate changes by its fall as a cancer which kills the existing forms of life in a great percent.
But evolution of life does not stop. One species replace another. The first mammals occur. They bear their young ones in their wombs, they deliver them and feed them by breast. This proved to be very efficient for survival…

There were seven variants of a man, including Neanderthal, whose remains was first found in the Neanderthal region in Germany… A lot of time passed, about three million years, before Homosapien – a contemporary man, appeared. And what happened in our region during the geological past? About 66 million years ago the Tethys Ocean covered a part of Europe and the Mediterranean Sea. Dramatic changes happened between 24 and 20 million years, when  strong tectonic movements erected mountains such as the Alps, the Dinarides and the Carpathians. Previous lake systems located in the contemporary Pannonian basin were covered by sea water. The sea was called the Paratethys Sea i.e. the Pannonian Sea. In the region of Tuzla, geologically speaking, there were favorable paleographic conditions for creation of sediment deposits and among those sediments there were salt deposits… the tectonic activity goes on, there is erection of ground in the whole North Bosnia, which causes retreating of the Pannonian Sea 5 million years ago.

All of these processes contributed to creation of economically significant reserves of rock salt and coal in North-East Bosnia. Five million years passed after the retreat of the Pannonian Sea from our land. And as if there is a nostalgy for the far geological past still in us, in 2003 the City of Tuzla constructed the first Pannonian Lake to get back a part of the geological history and a part of the Pannonian Sea.